21 September 2003
Luke 2:7, Philippians 2:6-8, Galatians 4:4, Isaiah 53:6, Matthew 27:46 & 1 Corinthians 15:3
The Westminster Shorter Catechism
Q. 27. Wherein did Christ’s humiliation consist?
A. Christ’s humiliation consisted in his being born, and that in a low condition, made under the law, undergoing the miseries of this life, the wrath of God, and the cursed death of the cross, in being buried and continuing under the power of death for a time.
The Westminster Shorter Catechism in Modern English:
Q.27. How was Christ humiliated?
A. Christ was humiliated: by being born as a man and born into a poor family; by being made subject to the law and suffering the miseries of this life, the anger of God, and the curse of death on the cross; and by being buried and remaining under the power of death for a time.
1. In what things did Christ humble himself?
Christ humbled himself in His birth, in His life and in His death.
2. How did Christ humble Himself in His birth?
Christ humbled himself in His birth in that he was born of a virgin in a manger, becoming man who was the eternal Son of God.
3. How did Christ humble Himself in His life?
Christ humbled himself in His life by subjecting Himself to the law; because he entered into conflict with the devil; because He endured the slander of men who were wicked; because He endured the infirmities of the flesh even those endured by all men.
4. How did Christ humble Himself in His death?
Christ humbled himself in His death by submitting himself to the cursed death of the cross (Galatians 3:13) and undergoing the agony described in the Scripture as happening to Him.
5. What does Christ’s humiliation mean to us as Christians?
Christ’s humiliation assured us of our redemption, through the merits of His sufferings. (Ephesians 1:7)
6. Was the soul or body of Christ separated from Him during His death?
No, his soul or body could not be separated from him since he was divine and the Scripture teaches us that he is “the same yesterday, and today, and forever.” (Hebrews 13:8)