12 October 2003
Ephesians 2:8, John 15:5, 1 Corinthians 6:17 & 1 Peter 5:10
The Westminster Shorter Catechism
Q. 30. How doth the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?
A. The Spirit applieth to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us, and thereby uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling.
The Westminster Shorter Catechism in Modern English:
Q.30. How does the Holy Spirit apply to us the redemption Christ bought?
A. The Spirit applies to us the redemption Christ bought by producing faith in us and so uniting us to Christ in our effective calling.
1. How does the Spirit apply this redemption to us?
This redemption is laid upon the soul by the Spirit. It unites us to Jesus Christ, it “joins” us to Him, makes us “one” with Him. It is an act of God.
2. How is it possible that we can be united to Christ when he is in heaven and we are here on earth?
It is possible because the person of Christ is everywhere. Matthew 28:20
3. In the union between Christ and the Christian is it a mutual union?
It is a mutual union but it begins first on the side of Christ. The Bible teaches that “I will put my Spirit within you.”
4. What happens when this application takes place in the soul?
When the application takes place in the soul the soul believes, it passes from the dead state to the state of being alive.
5. Is it possible for this union to be dissolved?
No, it is impossible for this union to be dissolved because it contains within it the perseverance of God.
6. Is this faith that takes place of ourselves or of God?
It can be said that faith is our act but it is God’s gift and the work of His Spirit. A good verse in this regard is Colossians 2:12 “you are raised with him through your faith in the power of God.”
7. To what does the Scripture compare this union?
The Scripture compares this union to the union between husband and wife; head and members; root and branches; foundation and superstructure.