1 May 2005
Matthew 28:19, Genesis 17:24-27 & Exodus 12:22-27
The Westminster Shorter Catechism
Q. 93. What are the sacraments of the New Testament?
A. The sacraments of the New Testament are, baptism and the Lord’s Supper.
The Westminster Shorter Catechism in Modern English:
Q.93. What are the sacraments of the New Testament?
A. The sacraments of the New Testament are baptism and the Lord’s Supper.
1. What were the sacraments of the Old Testament?
There were two sacraments under the Old Testament: circumcision and the passover.
2. When was circumcision first instituted and what was the spiritual meaning?
It was instituted in the ninety-ninth year of Abraham’s life. At that time he, and all the men of his house were circumcised. The spiritual meaning of circumcision is that it signified the impurity and corruption of nature, the necessity of regeneration; and of being implanted in Christ in order to partake of the benefits of His mediation, together with a solemn engagement to be the Lord’s.
3. What was the passover and when was it instituted?
The passover was instituted at the departure of the children of Israel out of Egypt. It was called the passover because the angel passed over the houses of the Israelites on whose houses the blood of the passover-lamb was stricken upon the lintels and side posts of their doors.
4. What are the sacraments of the New Testament?
The sacraments of the New Testament are baptism and the Lord’s Supper.
5. How do the sacraments of the New Testament take the place of those of the Old Testament?
Baptism takes the place of circumcision and the Lord’s Supper takes the place of the passover.
6. What are the sacraments according to the Roman Catholic church?
The Roman Catholic church states there are seven sacraments. In addition to baptism and the Lord’s Supper, they add confirmation, penance, ordination, marriage, and extreme unction.