29 June 2003
Psalm 110:3, Isaiah 33:22, 1 Corinthians 15:25 & Acts 12:17
The Westminster Shorter Catechism
Q. 26. How doth Christ execute the office of a king?
A. Christ executeth the office of a king, in subduing us to himself, in ruling and defending us, and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies.
The Westminster Shorter Catechism in Modern English:
Q.26. How is Christ a king?
A. As a king, Christ brings us under His power, rules and defends us, and restrains and conquers all His and all our enemies.
1. Does the Bible teach that Jesus Christ is a King?
Yes, the Bible teaches it in Psalm 2:6 and again in John 18:36.
2. When was Jesus Christ made a King?
He was made a King even from the very beginning. He was proclaimed as a King at His birth and again at His death.
3. How does Christ exercise His Kingship?
He exercises it in two ways: (1) Over His elect people (John 1:49). (2) Over His enemies and the enemies of His elect people (Psalm 110:2).
4. How does Christ exercise His Kingship over His elect people?
He exercises it by subduing them to Himself. He does this through the power of the Spirit in the Word so that He makes them willing to embrace the Saviour. He finds them as stubborn and disobedient and rebellious but He calls them unto Himself.
5. How does Christ exercise His Kingship by ruling His elect people?
He exercises it by ruling inwardly by His Spirit, by working in them the disposition of obedience unto Him.
6. What change does this make as to the people’s relationship with the Word?
The change is that though they are still in the world they are not really of the world but are members of Christ’s invisible kingdom. This also means that the world will hate them.
7. How does Christ exercise His Kingship over His enemies and the enemies of His elect people?
He exercises His Kingship by defending His people; by restraining and conquering all His and their enemies (by setting bounds and limits on them); by conquering them.