26 October 2003
Romans 8:30, Ephesians 1:5 & 1 Corinthians 1:30
The Westminster Shorter Catechism
Q. 32. What benefits do they that are effectually called partake of in this life?
A. They that are effectually called do in this life partake of justification, adoption, and sanctification, and the several benefits which in this life do either accompany or flow from them.
The Westminster Shorter Catechism in Modern English:
Q.32. What benefits do those who are effectively called share in this life?
A. In this life those who are effectively called share justification, adoption, sanctification, and the other benefits that either go with or come from them.
1. What should we note about these benefits?
We should note that these benefits are absolutely tied up with effectual calling. It should be further noted by us that “calling”, in the Bible sense of the word, cannot fail or remain ineffectual. Effectual calling has the power to produce the intended effect, that of enabling us to embrace Christ Jesus. It also has the same power to grant us certain benefits.
2. What are these benefits granted to us as those effectually called?
These benefits are justification, adoption and sanctification.
3. What connection is there between effectual calling and justification?
The sinner has communion in the righteousness of God.
4. What connection is there between adoption and effectual calling?
The sinner has a spiritual Father, God, through his relationship to Jesus Christ.
5. What connection is there between effectual calling and sanctification?
The sinner has a relationship to Christ regarding their ability to live as Christians should live. He is the Christian’s strength.
6. What should be the attitude of the Christian towards these benefits?
Regarding these benefits the Christian should:
a) Give all diligence to make his calling and election sure (2 Peter 1:10).
b) Be thankful that he is justified, adopted and is in the process of sanctification and show his thankfulness by praising the Lord and by serving Him.
c) Be looking forward to the day when, by His grace, He will be glorified knowing that such is the hope of those who have been predestined, called, and justified.